Pizza, a word that evokes images of cheesy goodness and convivial gatherings, has a history as rich and layered as its toppings. Did you know that the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans all enjoyed flatbreads topped with various ingredients? These early incarnations, while not pizza as we know it, laid the foundation for this beloved dish. The true ancestor of pizza emerged in Naples, Italy, in the 18th century. Neapolitan street vendors sold flatbreads baked in wood-fired ovens and topped with simple ingredients like tomatoes, garlic, and cheese.

This humble food, affordable and readily available, quickly became a staple for the working class of Naples. The Margherita pizza, arguably the most iconic pizza variety, was born in 1889. Legend has it that Queen Margherita of Savoy, tired of French haute cuisine, requested a selection of pizzas. The pizza featuring tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil, representing the colors of the Italian flag, became her favorite and was subsequently named in her honor.

  1. Ancient Origins:
    • Bread with Toppings: The concept of flatbreads with various toppings dates back to ancient civilizations, including the Greeks, Egyptians, and Romans.
    • Naples, Italy: Naples, a bustling port city, played a crucial role in shaping pizza’s history.
  2. Birth of Margherita Pizza:
    • Late 18th Century: The modern pizza as we know it began to take shape in Naples.
    • Margherita Pizza: In 1889, pizzaiolo Raffaele Esposito created the iconic Margherita pizza for Queen Margherita of Savoy. It featured tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, basil leaves, and olive oil, representing the colors of the Italian flag.
  3. Pizza’s Popularity Spreads:
    • Early 20th Century: Immigrants from Naples brought pizza recipes to the United States, where it gained popularity in cities like New York and Chicago.
    • World War II: American soldiers stationed in Italy during World War II developed a taste for pizza, further fueling its global spread.
  4. Diverse Varieties:
    • New York-Style: Thin crust, foldable slices, and generous toppings.
    • Chicago Deep-Dish: Thick, hearty crust with layers of cheese, sauce, and toppings.
    • Neapolitan: Stays true to its roots, with a thin, soft crust and minimal toppings.
  5. Global Phenomenon:
    • Late 20th Century: Pizza became a beloved fast food worldwide, with countless regional variations.
    • Innovation: Creative toppings, stuffed crusts, and delivery services transformed pizza into a global phenomenon.

Remember, pizza’s journey from Naples to international stardom is a testament to its delicious simplicity and cultural significance!


Discover more from Pizza Perfect Pizza

Subscribe to get the latest posts to your email.